¿Que es un kit?

  • Un kit de emergencias es una herramienta que se utiliza en caso de una emergencia o situación inesperada (sismo, inundación, accidente, incendio, etc.) 

       ¿Que es un sismo?

  •  Un sismo es la sacudida del terreno que se produce debido al choque de las placas tectónicas y la liberación de energía en el curso de una reorganización brusca de materiales de la corteza terrestre al superar el estado  de equilibrio mecánico. La causa principal y responsable  de la mayoría de los sismos es la ruptura y fractura de las rocas en las capas más exteriores de la tierra, como resultado de  acumulación de energía.

       ¿Que es un plan de contingencia? 

  •    Un plan de contingencias es un instrumento de gestión que aporta el dominio del soporte y desempeño en caso de un sismo. Dicho plan contiene las medidas técnicas, humanas y organizativas necesarias para garantizar la supervivencia y el bienestar de las personas.

 

 

PLAN DE CONTINGENCIA EN LA CASA: 

  • Armar un plan de evacuación desde cada sitio de la casa hasta el punto de reunión seguro
  • Señalamos las zonas de riesgo y los puntos de reunión  
  • Organizamos los roles de cada integrante de la familia:
  • Quien cierra las llaves de agua y gas
  • Quien corta la electricidad
  • Quien busca el kit de emergencia

 

 

El kit de emergencia incluye:

  • - Linterna.
  • - Silbato Plástico con cordón.
  • - Botiquín de Primeros Auxilios .
  • -Cinta Adhesiva para Conductos.
  • - Herramienta de bolsillo.
  • - Abrelatas triple.
  • - Radio AM/FM.
  • -Pilas.
  • -Agua.
  • -Alimentos no persederos.
  • -Barbijos
  • - Guantes de Trabajo.
  • -Fósforos.
  • - Velas de Emergencia de Quemado Lento.
  • -Números de emergencia.
  • -Carpa.
  • -Bolsa de dormir.
  • -Manta.

 

Botiquín de Primeros Auxilios:

  • -Guantes látex estériles
  • -Termómetro                              
  • -Pomadas para quemaduras
  • -Lavaojos descartables
  • -Barbijos
  • -Medicación permanente
  • -Bandas adhesivas
  • -Vendas
  • -Gasas estériles
  • -Cinta ipoalergenica
  • -Alcohol en gel
  • -Pomada antibacteriana
  • -Agua oxigenada, pervinox o DGC
  • -Tijera
  • -Pinza
  • -Antiinflamatorio
  • -Antipirético

 

¿Qué hacer antes, durante y después de un sismo?

Antes

1- Desarrollar un plan de protección, seguridad y evacuación.

2-Conocimiento básico acerca de primeros auxilios y botiquín de emergencia

3-Asegurar elementos altos (estanterías, libreras o roperos) evitando tener objetos que puedan caer ante un movimiento

4-Conocer la ubicación de llaves de gas, agua, fusibles de electricidad.

 5-Eliminar obstáculos de las rutas de evacuación

6-Ubicar y señalizar las zonas de seguridad y las rutas de evacuación.

7-Cuando los alumnos se encuentren en las aulas, mantener las puertas abiertas para facilitar la evacuación.

 8-Realizar simulacros de evacuación en caso de terremotos, con el fin de instruir a las personas sobre las medidas a tomar y determinar si el plan de emergencia es efectivo.

Durante:

1-Se debe conservar la serenidad evitando el pánico o histeria colectiva

2-Ubicarse en lugares seguros previamente establecidos, de no lograrlo debe refugiarse bajo mesas, pupitres o escritorios alejados de ventanas u objetos que puedan caer

3-Colocarse en el piso con las rodillas juntas y la espalda hacia la ventana

4-Sujetar ambas manos fuertemente detrás de la cabeza, cubriéndose con ellas el cuello

5-Esconder el rostro entre los brazos para proteger la cabeza, cerra fuertemente los ojos.

6 -Si es necesario evacuar el lugar, utilice las escaleras no ascensores.

7 -Si esta en el patio permanezca lejos de edificios, cables de tendido eléctrico y ventanas.

8 -Si va en vehículo o autobús, el conductor debe reducir la velocidad y detenerse en un lugar seguro. Así también, las personas deben mantenerse en sus asientos hasta que todo vuelva a la normalidad.

 

Después:

1-Observar si alguien está herido y practicar primeros auxilios.

2-Dirigirse a las zonas de protección ya establecidas, sin perder la calma y sin alejarse al grupo.

3-No tocar cables de energía eléctrica que han caído

4-Cerrar las llaves de gas para evitar cualquier fuga y usarlo nuevamente hasta que se haya realizado la inspección usada

5-Controlar el flujo de agua y no utilizarlo hasta revisar las alcantarillas

6-Cerrar los circuitos de energía eléctrica para evitar accidentes por contactos con alambres caídos o un posible incendio

7-No regresar a las áreas dañadas sin previa autorización

8-Utilicen el teléfono solo en llamada urgentes.

9-Sintonizar la radio para conocer las medidas de emergencias adoptadas.

 

 

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